今天的涂鸦是庆祝多语种的菲律宾作家和学者热诺维瓦·马图特诞辰105周年。马图特曾担任语言老师超过45年,并以其短篇小说而广为人知,其中许多故事都是来自菲律宾历史上的虚构场景。

马图特于1915年的这一天出生于马尼拉的圣克鲁斯。她曾就读于圣托马斯大学,并于1964年获得博士学位,并在成为大学教授之前开始了小学和高中阶段的教学。

在整个学术生涯中,她写了许多基于历史的短篇小说,这些短篇小说都包含在许多小学和高中的教科书中。马图特用多种语言写信:她的母亲菲律宾语他加禄语,第二语言英语,以及菲律宾语成为国家语言后的语言。

她的著作为他加禄语文学和菲律宾文化认同做出的贡献而受到赞扬。被广泛认为是她最著名的作品,“ Ang Kuwento ni Mabuti ”(“ 马图特的故事”)是他加禄语母语中最常被人选的短篇小说,至今仍被所有年龄的菲律宾学童阅读。

在1951年至1961年之间,马图特(Matute)凭借短篇小说获得了四次唐·卡洛斯·帕兰卡纪念奖,她还是第一位获得这一享有声望的文学奖的菲律宾女性。 

她最终于1980年退休,担任菲律宾师范大学(现为菲律宾师范大学)菲律宾系主任。

恭喜(生日快乐),热诺维瓦·马图特!


作者Olivia When早期草稿

以上翻译为谷歌翻译加博主试图润色,原文如下:

Today’s Doodle celebrates multilingual Filipino writer and academic Genoveva Matute on her 105th birthday. Matute was a language teacher for over 45 years and is widely known for her short stories, many of which fictionalized scenes from Filipino history.

Matute was born in Santa Cruz, Manila, on this day in 1915. She attended the University of Santo Tomas, where she obtained her PhD in 1964, and began teaching at the elementary and high school level before becoming a university professor.

Throughout her academic career, she wrote a number of historically based short stories that were included in many textbooks for elementary and high school. Matute wrote in multiple languages: her mother Filipino tongue of Tagalog, her second language English, and also in Filipino when it became the national language.

Her writings are lauded for their contributions to Tagalog literature and Filipino cultural identity. Widely considered to be her most famous work, “Ang Kuwento ni Mabuti” (“The Story of Mabuti”) is the most anthologized short story in the native Tagalog language and is still read to Filipino school children of all ages.

Between 1951 and 1961, Matute won four Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for her short stories, including for “Ang Kuwento ni Mabuti,” which was the first Tagalog short story to win the grand prize. She was also the first Filipino woman to win this prestigious literary award. 

She eventually retired as the Dean of the Filipino Department at Philippine Normal College (now Philippine Normal University) in 1980.

Maligayang bati (Happy birthday), Genoveva Matute!